Teenage years are a time of change and this is especially true for your skin. Despite this, most experts feel that all teenagers need to do is keep their skin clean, and if their skin is fine, there is no need to fuss around too much.
However, everyone agrees, protect your skin from sun damage no matter how old you are.
Most wrinkles result from the effect of ultraviolet light on the skin. Sun damage at an early age will most likely show up 15 or 20 years later.
At the start of puberty, most teens get greasy skin, blackheads and whiteheads. At this stage use a gentle cleanser (that does not trip the skin of its natural oils) and avoid petroleum-based products that clog the pores. But if the problem develops into severe acne, there is a lot that can be done, so don’t suffer in silence. Consult your doctor, who can prescribe treatment, or refer you to a dermatologist.
- Use a gentle cleanser and wash your skin with warm water.
- Over washing your skin, especially with soaps designed to dry out your skin can actually make things worse. Your skin tries to compensate and produces more sebum (oil) which can aggravate acne.
- Use a natural skin oil to moisturise your skin, your skin will soak up the natural vitamins, omegas and antioxidants, and start to produce less sebum. Less sebum production should improve your acne.
- Never pick at a blemish. Picking at breakouts can cause scarring, infection, or permanent enlargement of the pore.
- Try and avoid wearing lots of makeup and wash off cosmetics as soon as you know you will not be going out again.
- Use caution when using any product containing acids or peroxides such as acne creams and fade creams. These increase the skins’ sensitivity to sun and may cause redness and peeling.
- Choose your sun block carefully as some sun blocks can cause breakouts on some skin types.
Your 20s is a great time for your skin. You’ve left behind the spots of adolescence, your skin has a youthful glow, and the epidermis is still plump and dewy. However, cell renewal starts to slow and dead skin cells are shed less easily.
- Make sure you use gentle cleansers, especially if you wear make-up everyday.
- Use a moisturiser with SPF (15 and higher) daily. The sun’s UVA rays will already start to take the bounce out of collagen fibres and elastin coils in the dermis.
- Focus on a healthy diet and try and keep up regular exercise.
- Drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated.
In your 30s, skin cell renewal slows further, while damage from pollution, smoke and sunlight begins to take its toll on the dermis. This causes collagen fibres to loosen so the skin starts to sag. Your first wrinkles may start to appear.
- By now you should have established a daily skincare regime that involves cleansing, moisturising and protecting your skin from the sun.
- Eat a balanced diet rich in antioxidants such as vitamins A, B, C and E that fight off free radicals in the environment (unstable molecules that attack cells in our bodies and speed up ageing). Together these vitamins will help the skin repair itself, stay moist and produce the enzymes that stabilise collagen production.
- For further protection, use products rich in antioxidants (like vitamin E).
- Cut down on excessive alcohol consumption. Drinking robs the skin of vital nutrients and causes facial blood vessels to dilate.
- Keep drinking plenty of water to retain further moisture in your skin.
- Make sure you’re getting enough sleep – we all know how much a few restorative nights’ sleep improves our complexion.
In your 40’s, sebum (oil) production plummets, the dermis continues to lose its elasticity, and your skin becomes more fragile.
- Nourish the skin with natural oils (Grape Seed, Rose Hip and Avocado are our favourites) to help compensate for the loss of sebum.
- Apply rich moisturisers to help with moisture retention and improve the skin’s barrier function.
- Get into the habit of exfoliating (once a week is fine) to help remove dead skin cells.
- Avoid petroleum-based products that clog the pores.
- Avoid products with harsh or potentially harmful active ingredients. You skin is thinner now and it becomes more sensitive.
- Vitamin A, is very important to help to reduce the signs of fine lines, wrinkles and age spots. Look out for products containing natural oils, which are rich in natural Vitamin A (like Roe Hip Oil).
Decreased oestrogen levels, after the menopause, mean that skin loses its plumpness and tone, which can leave it dry, itchy and more sensitive to allergens. Mature skin is not only more fragile, but also more vulnerable to bruising and tearing, and it takes longer to heal itself.
- Take extra care with your skin at this stage in life.
- Stick to a gentle cleansers and avoid skin irritants and astringents such as alcohol.
- Use a good moisturiser with a built-in SPF, and keep out of the sun.
- Use moisturisers with safe and natural anti-ageing ingredients. Use these products at night because they can make skin more sensitive to sunlight.
NATURALLY Soothe ..
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